The current situation of youth sports fitness development in China
First, the decline of adolescents' physique
Cervical spondylosis, obesity, mood disorders, sleep disorders, sports phobias... These diseases frequently occur in middle school students and even primary school students.
First, the obesity rate is growing faster than the “safety tipping point”. Compared with 1985, the height and weight of urban and rural students aged 7 to 18 in China increased significantly in 2010, but the obesity rate also increased by 7.9%. In particular, the urban male obesity rate has reached 14.2%, and “Little Puffy” is increasing. At present, the obesity rate of urban and rural students in China exceeds the 10% “safety threshold” announced by the World Health Organization. Overweight and obesity in adolescence will lead to a significant increase in the prevalence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, and diabetes in adulthood, which will cause great harm to the health of the entire nation.
Second, the cardiopulmonary function is declining and the exercise capacity is low. Compared with 1985, the lung capacity of urban and rural primary school students aged 7 to 18 in China fell by 11.4% in 2010, and the number of college students dropped by nearly 10%. Pupils running 50 meters x 8 rounds, junior high school, high school, college girls 800 meters running, boys 1000 meters running results, decreased by 8.2%, 10.3% and 10.9%. The maximum drop in the pull-up of boys in primary and secondary schools reached 40.4%. These conditions show that Chinese teenagers are getting wider and wider, their lung capacity is getting smaller and smaller; their body is getting higher and higher, they are running slower and slower; their weight is getting heavier and their strength is getting smaller and smaller.
Third, the detection rate of poor eyesight is constantly rising, ranking the forefront of the world. In 2010, the detection rate of visual acuity in primary school students was 40.9%, that of junior high school students was 67.3%, that of high school students was 79.2%, and that of college students was 84.7%. China's "glasses" has a high proportion, a large increase, and a young age, and has already ranked among the top in the world. Young people's poor eyesight has seriously jeopardized the quality of the Chinese population, leading to special industries such as conscription, aviation, and navigation that have to lower their vision standards.
"Children with high scores and physical and mental 'cartilage' are hard to shoulder the heavy responsibility of the national backbone.
We are a big gold medal in competitive sports. We are also a country with a high national obesity rate, cardiovascular disease incidence rate and national sub-health ratio in the world. The function of sports is to create healthy and outstanding citizens, but in the face of the reality of declining overall quality, as a competitive gold medal country, should we not reflect on our sports development strategy?
The number of gold medals has been rising
Athletic Gold: World No. 1, Asia No. 1
Starting from the 1990 Asian Games, in the past 20 years, China's competitive sports have played the gold medal strategy to the extreme in the five Olympic Games and the six Asian Games. In the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games, the total number of Chinese gold medals was 16 and ranked fourth, ranking first in the second team of the gold medal list. At the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, the number of gold medals was the same as in the previous session, and the rankings were also flat. Since the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, the Chinese Legion has begun to make great strides in the gold medal list, winning 28 gold medals, ranking third, and entering the first group. At the 2004 Athens Olympics, China jumped to second place with 32 gold medals, only three gold medals less than the first US. At the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the Chinese delegation became the world's largest gold medal with 51 gold.
As for the Asian Games, from the 1990 Beijing Asian Games to the just-concluded Guangzhou Asian Games, in the six Asian Games, the Chinese Army is the largest gold medal and medal in both home and away games. Some people joked that this way, the Asian Games will soon become the National Games.
The national physique has been falling
National physique: 32nd in the world, 3rd in Asia
Let's take a look at our national physique. The so-called national physique is a mean value of a national's physiological indicators such as cardio endurance, strength endurance, flexibility and body composition (fat content). Since 1990, China has also carried out several large-scale national physique monitoring.
In a monitoring completed in 2000, speed quality, endurance quality, flexibility quality, explosiveness quality, and strength quality all declined. Compared with 1995, the index of flexion of the standing body showed a decrease of 0.4 cm in 7-12 years, 1.8 cm in 13-18 years, and 2.5 cm in 19-22 years; the maximum decline in standing jumps reflecting the explosive power of lower limbs was 2.3. Cm; the 800-meter, 1000-meter run that reflects the endurance quality is more obvious. The average level of 1000 meters and 800 meters of boys and girls in the middle school of 13-18 years old decreased by 9.6 seconds and 12.6 seconds, and the college boys and girls dropped by 20 seconds and 15.1 seconds respectively. In addition, none of the indicators such as oblique body pull-ups, pull-ups, and sit-ups are rising. outdoor fitness equipment
A group of the latest national physique reports released at the beginning of this year showed that compared with 2000, the national physique of Chinese adolescents fell again. The complicated data is no longer listed here, which can be seen from the obesity and myopia that best reflect the constitution. Compared with 2000, the obesity rate of adolescents in China has increased by nearly 50%, and a quarter of urban male students are fat. Compared with 2000, the youth myopia rate has increased from 20% to 31%. It can be said that China is about to become an unobtrusive glasses kingdom.
In the past 20 years, China’s competitive gold medals have continued to “infuriate” and the national physique has continued to decline. In a world national physique ranking released in 2007, the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany ranked in the top three in the world, and South Korea ranked 24th in Asia. the first. Japan ranks 29th and Asia is second. China ranks 32nd and Asia is third. The physical condition of the Chinese is based on the data provided by Xinhua News Agency reporter Yang Ming, which is “two high and one super”, 160 million people suffer from high blood pressure, 160 million people suffer from high blood lipids, and 200 million people are overweight or obese. 75% of the nationals are in a sub-health state. If we hold national Olympics and Asian Games, our medal list will be bleak.outdoor fitness equipment
Comparison of athletic ability
Young people are far less physically fit than Japan and South Korea
The decline of the national physique is related to the way of life. In the indicators affecting lifestyle, exercise and fitness are the most important factors affecting the national physique. In other words, the decline of our national physique, especially the physique of young people, is precisely our national fitness campaign, which cannot meet the needs of people.
According to the preliminary survey of "Chinese Youth Physical Fitness Behavior Survey", due to the development of urbanization, the living environment of more than 60% of students in China does not have the conditions for sports; in the free time of rest and holidays, the three favorite students do. Things are: online chat and games, listening to music, singing and watching TV, less than 30% of sports.
Looking at our neighboring Japan, Japanese primary and secondary school students generally have more sports than Chinese students. There are 21.3% of Japanese students who exercise for 2 hours a day, only 6.3% of Chinese students; 21.3% of Japanese students who exercise for 3 hours a day, while China The student is only 1.3%. outdoor fitness equipment
The Japan Youth Research Institute’s questionnaire survey of extracurricular sports activities among junior high and high school students in China, Japan and the United States showed that junior high school students participating in extracurricular sports activities were 8% in China, 65.4% in Japan, 62.8% in the United States, and 10.5 in high school students in China. %, Japan is 34.5%, and the United States is 53.3%.
Chinese teenagers lack exercise, and Japanese and Korean students are diligent in exercising. What happens when the children of the three countries move together? A survey report describes the physical differences between Chinese and foreign students in a school in China last year. Take a mountaineering activity as an example. All the students of the International Department, mainly Japanese and Korean students, have successfully reached the top of the mountain. More than 20 Chinese students have returned due to physical exhaustion.
In addition to the endurance and energy is not as good as Japanese and Korean students, Chinese students also have a significant gap in cold tolerance. In the winter, Chinese students wear thick sweater pants indoors, and most Japanese and Korean students only have a pair of autumn clothes. Chinese students often wrestle in tests that reflect the ability to coordinate and rush, and many students can't run very quickly.
More than 100 years ago, we were called a sick man in East Asia by foreigners. Nowadays, China's economic aggregate has leapt to the second place in the world. Competitive sports has already begun to rank among the top in the world. Our gold medals are more than once, but the national physique is not as good as one generation. This is both ironic and worrying.
Second, the survey shows that the physical health of Chinese people, especially young people, is worrying. Paying attention to the health of young people and promoting the all-round development of young people is the cornerstone of the health of the whole people.
Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, with the development of the economy and society, people's living standards and health levels have continuously improved. In the new century, Beijing successfully bid for and hosted the Beijing Olympic Games, and carried out the “National Fitness and Olympics Peering” activities nationwide, and the health of the whole people has been further improved. However, in the past 20 years, due to various complicated factors, a social problem that cannot be ignored is that the Chinese people’s physical health is worrying: at present, there are 160 million people in China with high blood pressure and 160 million people with high blood fat. Millions of people are overweight or obese, and chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, high blood fat, and high blood sugar are becoming the killers of national health. Taking Beijing as an example, according to a 2009 survey, the incidence of common chronic diseases among Beijing residents has been very close to the incidence of diseases in developed countries. The prevalence of hypertension in adults (18-79 years old) in Beijing is 30.3%, and the prevalence of hypertension is younger; the prevalence of diabetes in residents is 8.6%, and the prevalence of diabetes increases with age. Increased; the prevalence of obesity was 19.1%. However, the average daily physical exercise time of Beijing residents has gradually decreased, and 32.7% of adult residents in Beijing lack physical activity.
The physical health of adolescents is even more worrying. For example, in Beijing, a considerable number of students have not exercised for one hour each day, and the rate of adolescent obesity is currently the highest in the country. According to the Shanghai Student Physical Health Survey this year, compared with 2005, the strength of Shanghai students' strength (grip) and the strength of girls' strength are declining. At present, the prevalence of myopia in China has risen from the third place in the world to the second place.
The "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period is an important strategic opportunity for the development of our country's society. In this critical period, which is related to the future development of the country, the physical health of all citizens is even more important. We must mobilize the power of the whole society and improve the physical quality of the whole people through various channels. To improve the physical quality of all citizens and promote the all-round development of people, we must first focus on the physical quality of young people and promote the all-round development of young people, and lay the cornerstone of a healthy society.
During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, it is still a period of dramatic social transformation and social contradictions. The growth of young people faces more challenges. Heavy classwork, competitive pressures for further studies and employment, temptations for online games, etc., may worsen the physical health of young people who are already optimistic. Therefore, it is even more urgent to create a 21st century builder and successor who is not only ideal, cultural, ethical, and disciplined, but also healthy, strong, strong-willed, and energetic. It should become the country's long-term strategic goal.
Third, the health of all people, especially adolescents, has attracted worldwide attention. Strengthening the physical fitness of young people should be regarded as the top priority of the national fitness
The issue of health for all, especially adolescents, has attracted worldwide attention. The 11th World Mass Sports Conference held in 2006 pointed out that childhood obesity is a global problem, and one out of every six people is overweight. 60% of the world's people do not exercise enough to ensure their health. The 12th World Mass Sports Conference held in 2008 also called for: “Global governments are taking urgent action to solve global problems such as decreasing physical activity and increasing obesity rate.” The 13th Mass Sports Conference held in 2010 The declaration pointed out that today's society is facing the threat of lowering the level of exercise, which is especially prominent among young people. These warnings help people to better understand the survival and development of human beings and help to raise public health to a higher level.
Developed countries such as the United States, Britain, France, Sweden, and Japan attach great importance to the health problems of citizens, especially adolescents. The government has set development goals for the decline of physique of young people, and attaches great importance to physical education classes from primary school to university. As one of the modern lifestyles, youth sports activities have penetrated into the daily life of the family and successfully changed the values of people's cultivation of young people. Let young people have a healthy body and a strong and confident personality.
In order to move from a big sports country to a sports power, China must not only have the brilliance of competitive sports, but also the foundation for the vigorous development of mass sports. Safeguarding the physical health of all people, especially young people, is a strategic issue that affects the long-lasting relationship between the country and the nation. All sectors of society must further mobilize their forces to protect the healthy growth of young people:
First, we must vigorously promote quality education and health education. Deepen the reform of the education system, vigorously promote quality education and youth health education; strengthen the importance of physical education and physical exercise among young people; enrich the cultural and sports activities of young people in schools, cultivate good physical exercise habits and aesthetic tastes of young people, and promote youth morality , intelligence, body and beauty develop in an all-round way.
The second is to give full play to the role of the government and social organizations. The government and sports authorities should shoulder the responsibility of “leading” and increase investment in public sports facilities, especially street townships, community administrative villages, etc., and effectively build and improve the public sports service system. Schools must work with governments, communities, and social organizations to provide the necessary facilities, equipment, and equipment for young people to participate in physical exercise. Sports clubs and social organizations should provide opportunities for young people to participate in off-campus sports activities, and actively carry out various fitness consultations, services and public welfare activities for young people and the general public.
The third is to effectively improve the health of young people. On August 2, the Ministry of Education issued the "Regulations on Effectively Guaranteeing One Hour of Daily Physical Activities for Primary and Secondary School Students". It is necessary to effectively implement the requirements of the "Regulations", formulate a youth sports action plan, and include the student's physical health indicators in the assessment target; vigorously carry out the "Sunshine Sports" campaign to ensure that students exercise for one hour a day; scientifically arrange study and life Exercise, to ensure students sleep time; to promote a reasonable diet, improve the nutritional status of students, and protect students' vision.
The fourth is to mobilize and advocate the positive impact of the family on young people. Families should set an example for young people to participate in sports, create opportunities for children to participate in various sports, choose appropriate sports according to their abilities and hobbies, and promote parent-child relationships through joint exercise with children to build a harmonious family.
The fifth is to increase publicity of youth sports and fitness activities. The central and local news media should open columns, special topics, special editions, etc., increase the coverage of national fitness activities, especially youth sports and fitness activities, vigorously promote scientific fitness, improve the health of the whole nation, and vigorously create a society-conscious youth. A good public opinion atmosphere for healthy growth and improvement of the physique and health of young people, and advocates that the whole society should do more practical things for the physical health of young people and do more good things.outdor fitness equipment
In the first half of this century, China has to achieve two ambitious goals: to build a higher-level well-off society that will benefit more than one billion people in the 100 years since the founding of the Communist Party of China, and to build a strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious society in the 100 years since the founding of the People's Republic of China. Modernized country. This requires the whole society outdoor fitness equipment